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New News on the Bloomberg Front….

A recent study (abstract here) published in the journalGeology is getting a lot of attention for  conclusions it draws about whether oil and natural gas drilling is causing earthquakes. In particular, the study examines the biggest quake in the history of Oklahoma, a 5.7 shaker that hit the tiny town of Prague on Nov. 6, 2011. Ripples from the earthquake were felt across 17 states.

According to the study’s authors, the culprit isn’t the actual drilling itself but the injection of wastewater back into the ground afterward. Even though wastewater had been injected into old wells around Prague since the early 1990s, the authors argue that as crevices previously containing oil filled with water, from 2001 to 2006, the amount of pressure needed to keep pushing water underground rose tenfold, or 1,000 percent. The resulting pressure change triggered a “jump” in a nearby fault line known as the Wilzetta fault, and then—boom, earthquake. The well the study examined was not drilled using the controversial hydraulic fracturing techniques, commonly known as fracking.

review of the study by Columbia University’s Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory quotes one of the study’s authors, geologist Heather Savage of Columbia, saying, “When you overpressure the fault, you reduce the stress that’s pinning the fault into place and that’s when earthquakes happen.”

There have been a lot of earthquakes recently in parts of the U.S. that traditionally haven’t seen so many, including Arkansas, Texas, Ohio, and Colorado—all states where fracking activity just happens to have increased substantially in the past decade. The Geologystudy estimates that during the last four years, the number of earthquakes in the middle of the U.S. was 11 times higher than the average rate over the previous 30 years.

The notion that injecting water deep into the ground causes earthquakes is nothing new, or even very surprising. Whether you support or oppose fracking, is it difficult to fathom that pumping billions of gallons of water and other fluids down into the earth over several decades might one day cause things to shift around, especially when those structures have been virtually untouched for millions of years?

The results of research by the U.S. Geological Survey released last year essentially concluded that a sharp rise in seismic activity in the middle of the U.S. was the result of injecting water into deep underground wells. There is also growing concern that gas-drilling in the Netherlands has led to some recent earthquakes.

Anti-fracking groups are hoping the increasing amount of evidence demonstrating a link between wastewater injection and earthquakes will slow the push into fracking. So far, however, such links don’t seem to be gaining much traction. Even as Texas rewrites its drilling laws, the state isn’t looking at the connection. Nor is California, which is no stranger to earthquakes.

Fracking proponents tend to argue that the evidence is still inconclusive, and that to limit fracking would carry economic consequences far greater than the damage a few earthquakes might do. In an online debate posted in December by Tufts University, Bruce McKenzie Everett, an associate professor at Tufts’s Fletcher School of International Affairs and a 20-year veteran ofExxonMobil (XOM), argued: “If we stopped right now, or placed a moratorium on new fracking, the price of natural gas would go up. This means electricity prices would go up, heating prices would go up.”

In New York, where state regulators are studying the pros and cons of tapping huge gas deposits, the Department of Environmental Conservation dismissedthe risk of earthquakes, although it did hire a Columbia geologist to look into it.

From the Catskills & A statement from a lawyer here in PA warning a soon to be “shallionaire”…

From the Catskills, One of the Many Lies

Truth – The “overbearing landman” is a very common complaint we hear from our clients in rural Pennsylvania who have been approached by a “landman” solicting gas lease agreements for the drilling of marcellus shale. The process can be very overwhelming, a man claims to make you a “shallionaire” overnight, if you SIGN TODAY. Landmen are contracted by the large gas companies, while many landman are professional and kind, they do NOT work for the landowner. If gas companies are soliciting you, they want to secure an agreement with you. Do not be fooled by the slimly shale sales tactics of Landmen.

People wonder why I put up sites of Gas Companies…..?????

 If you notice some of the depths that they are working with, it is almost unimaginable. This Co. GasFrac prides itself with Fracking almost 2 and1/2 miles deep. Horizontally. Do you know what is going on with your land in a 2 and 1/2 mile circumferance of it?

Advancing Energy Ecology.

 

  • 1200 stimulations on 400 Locations
  • 161,000 m3 (42.6 million gal) of propane and 30,800 tonnes (68 million lbs) of proppant
  • Largest job to date: 450t (1 million lbs) on a 10 stage 1200m (3900 ft) horizontal
  • Highest pressure treatment to 90 MPa (13,150 ft)
  • Treating rates to 8 m3/min (50 bbl/min) & proppant concentrations to 1000 kg/m3 (8 lb/gal)
  • Treatments placed into over 45 different reservoirs
  • Oil, Gas, Condensate, and Gas storage reservoirs
  • Deepest treatment to 4000m (13,150 ft) TVD
  • Formation Temperatures from 15°C to 149°C (59° F to 300° F)
  • Have worked with over 50 clients including:
    Husky, Devon, Quicksilver, Union Gas Operating, Murchison, Approach Resources, BlackBrush